Recipe Shed: In search of…Poulet de Bresse – the red-crowned king of chickens

My family eats a lot of chicken. Always free-range, often organic – pricier than battery birds, but a price worth paying for a clear conscience.  

This stance was reiterated by posts I’ve read by top foodie blogger Rebecca, of EnglishMum fame, who is passionate about animal welfare.

This ignited a chain reaction in me. I wanted to source the best chickens possible, both in terms of welfare standards and eating experience.

That search led me to the undisputed King of Chickens, the Poulet de Bresse, from the Lyon region of France.

It was Heston Blumenthal’s book ‘In Search of Perfection’ that  got my juices flowing about le Bresse, although his search was a tad more adventurous than my Google exploration.

In his chapter on Roast Chicken, he hopped across the channel to hunt down the only A.O.C accredited birds in the world. This means that only those raised in and by the standards of Bresse are allowed this badge of excellence, much like Parma ham can only come from Parma.

I then read about Simon Hopkinson’s love of the beautiful blue-legged Bresse in his best-sellling book, ‘Roast Chicken and Other Stories’.

After devouring these accounts, almost drooling with plaudits, I had to have one. I’m more than happy to spend up to £15 for the most important meal of the week – the Sunday roast – and I do so by sourcing my birds from my local farmers’ market, where Fosse Meadows organic chickens are sold.

These are good – brilliant, in fact, and worth every penny – but are they ‘perfect’?

I had to find out. Enter, by the wonderful tool of t’internet, Gareth Jones. His food blog is one of the best I’ve ever read, his depth of knowledge extraordinary, but it his passion for the magnificent Bresse that is infectious.

His post ‘Eggs on Legs’ made me even more convinced that I had to experience the whole journey and go super-organic.

I dropped him a line and asked his advice on how I could get my hands on this perfect poulet – and to share his wisdom on the best way to cook it. Given the additional cost I was expecting to pay, I wanted to make sure I got it 100 per cent right.

I won’t paraphrase our email exchanges, because I couldn’t possibly do justice to the man’s contagious enthusiasm for the subject. Instead, I re-publish them here.

Hi Gareth, 

I’ve been looking for Poulet de Bresse. Your blog came up on a Google search. I was wondering if you had a recommendation for how to get my hands on one of these beauties.

Many thanks.

Keith

Hi Keith, thanks for the compliment.

Poulet de Bresse is something really special. The poulet is just part of the Bresse family – for Christmas there’s Chapon and Poulardes ‘en roule’.

In London, Harrod’s, Allens of Mayfair and a few other places sell Bresse birds.  Cooking a Bresse bird is critical too – they are around 120 days old and raised free range on a white maize and milk rich diet. This gives them their incredible texture and flavour. They need careful handling in the kitchen. I adore them and the entire farming community in Bresse who make me so welcome. The Poulet de Bresse is the world’s only AOC bird.

Look at their website: www.pouletdebresse.fr

The bird must be fresh, fresh. The skin must be without any drying out, but not wet like a British hybrid Egg on Legs (that includes 90%+ of ALL supermarkets birds, including Free Range and Organic).

Let me know how you found your first manifique Poulet de Bresse

Best

Gareth

 

Hi Gareth,

I found this online – a chicken would cost around £32.

Expensive, but seems reasonable given the superiority.

http://www.frenchclick.co.uk/p-3982-poulet-de-bresse-10-20kg.aspx

Keith

Hi Keith

Not over-priced – Harrod’s sometimes has them for around 25 pounds (laptop not allowing pound sign this morning!). Freshness is essential. Don’t see Poulet de Bresse as ‘chicken’ – it’s a Poulet de Bresse – 120 days old, pure breed, AOC, limited production (around 350,000 pa in total).

Industrial chicken companies like Moy Park and Cargill who make their money from Eggs on Legs will slaughter +7 million each per week in this country.

Your toe’s in the water – time to dive in I’d say!

Best

Gareth

Hi Gareth,

My blue-footed beauty has arrived and I plan to cook it for Sunday lunch.

Before I do so, though, yours words ‘don’t see it as chicken’ have been ringing in my ears.

I’ve cooked chicken in the traditional way – lemon, garlic, tarragon/herbs, in a hot oven to crisp the skin before lowering the temperature for 1 hour, and then rest etc – and I’ve tried Heston Blumenthal’s ‘perfect’ technique a couple of times, which involves brining, rinsing, then low-temperature cooking for six hours, before browning the skin in a hot frying pan.

The latter produces extraordinary results, but no juices; the former is fool-proof and failsafe.

If you get a moment before Sunday, I would be very grateful if you might share a tip or two.

Many thanks,

Keith

 

Hi Keith,

First thing to remember is the Bresse bird is more muscled so will need 10-15 mins more roasting time than same size regular Free Range birds.

I was trained to always remove the wishbone – I think that’s on the site somewhere. All simple to do: using your sharpest knife, lift the neck flap (ie skin) and find the wishbone – then run the blade up the bone on both sides until you can feel where it’s attached to the breast bone – either pull it away with your thumb and forefinger, or use the knife to cut through the gristle.  You want to remove the wishbone as clean as possible, doing as little harm to the precious breast meat.

Wishbone removed makes carving, French or English fashion into a dream task.

Roasting: what you do sounds good and classic (tarragon is herb is personal choice; mine is usually thyme).

Anyway, the method: make sure the bird is as dry as possible inside and out. Place a good sprinkle of coarse sea salt into the cavity – truss the bird tightly and lightly sprinkle the outside again with coarse sea salt (Le Guerande would always be my choice here).

Heat the oven to 220C – place the bird in the middle to roast unbasted, un-anything’d. Drop the temperature to 180C for the last 15 mins. An average table bird of 1.5/2kg will be roasted within the hour – slightly longer for a fine bird like a Bresse. Never prick the thigh as just about evefry Brit ‘sleb chef will tell you – instead slight tip the cavity juices out – just enough to see if they’re pink or clear.  If pink the bird needs another few minutes.

The flesh will be moist and the skin crisp – the bouquet exquisite.  They are the three reasons we eat chicken and the three criteria on which to judge chicken.

All to do is rest the bird for 15 minutes under a foil ‘tent’ – ie not touching the bird, but instead allowing the air to circulate.

Sauce is you and your family’s affair, but I’m happy to make suggestions if asked.

You now have all day tomorrow to choose a wine that honours the Bresse Poulet. Bresse is in south Burgundy – so is Macon and the Cotes du Maconnais. That’s just a suggestion – white or red.

Salut.

Gareth

So that was the insight and advice – but what was the reality?

The Bresse duly arrived by courier on Friday morning and was handed over like a bank manager hands over his takings to Securicor. This was precious cargo, and no mistake.

I opened the packaging to reveal the familiar tricolore labelling that I had by now seen on many a website. But further than that, once I’d unwrapped the bird, was a ring on its leg, a tag on its thigh, and a label on its skin – all badges of quality control.

What struck me first about my 1.5kg Bresse was the colour of its legs – they were blue-black. But the next thing was how meaty its thighs were, and how long and slender were its breasts. Those legs had done some serious exercise, searching for grubs and insects; the lack of volume in the breast suggested a marathon runner’s physique – and nothing like the bodybuilder pecs you see on a supermarket bird.

I followed Gareth’s instructions to the letter and was rewarded with a taste that took me back to my childhood: It tasted of CHICKEN!

Not the bland vehicle for other flavours so many of us have got used to in modern-farmed chickens, but CHICKEN – yer actual  fowl that was brought to the West from Far East Asia centuries ago.

The skin was as thick and crisp as something that had came out of a snack bag. The leg meat was dense, yet tender, dark and strongly-flavoured, with a hint of gaminess, and fell away from the bone; the breast meat was more subtle in taste, almost delicate, but never bland. If I’m honest, I think I’d left it in the oven for 10 minutes too long because, although the legs were perfectly cooked, the breast was a tad dry.

However, this was redeemed by the wondrous juices that had accumulated in the pan – the pure essence of chicken, combined with the zinginess of the lemon and the fragrance of the thyme and garlic I’d stuffed into the bird. It made a stunning gravy, requiring no thickening. And a couple of spoonfuls took the chickenyness of the Bresse meat to another level.

By now, you’ve surely gathered that I was sold on the Bresse before I’d even tasted it, and so my verdict may be skewed by bias.

So I asked my wife, whose reaction to me paying £32 for a chicken was ‘HOW MUCH? This had better be worth it.’

And her verdict?

‘The best chicken I’ve ever tasted,’ she declared, as she ran her finger across her empty plate to mop up the last drop of gravy.

My search for Chicken Perfection is over. I found it…in Bresse.

 

 

 

 

 

 

18 Comments

Filed under Poultry, Recipe Shed

18 Responses to Recipe Shed: In search of…Poulet de Bresse – the red-crowned king of chickens

  1. I am DROOLING on my keyboard. Kudos to you for giving this amazing bird the respect it deserves. I’m so ordering one of these beauties!

  2. Oh Keith! You had me salivating all the way through that post. I’m very familiar with the Poulet de Bresse. Half your luck to have access to such beautiful things. I can remember many a Sunday roast when I was young when we’d have a roast bird that my Mum would’ve freshly killed with her Aunt from their farm. Our choice was chicken, duck or goose. Dad loved the roast goose the best but chickens, in those days, had such wonderful flavour, especially with Mum’s homemade stuffing. Bet it wasn’t a patch on the Poulet de Bresse. Lucky bugger!

    Anne xx

  3. Scott Shillum

    Great article Keith. I shall be tracking one down myself.

  4. I terribly impressed but quite surprised that there is no English equivalent. Given the British climate and our love of good meat you would think there’d be a British king of chickens especially among the old breeds.

  5. That bird is huge!!!

  6. Jenny

    Thank you for sharing your tips! I just purchased a Bresse today from the Ginger Pig and had no idea how I should cook it. Really glad I stumbled upon your blog. Cheers!

  7. scranchav

    so if a bresse is 10 out of 10, how’d you rate a label anglais please
    ta

    • keithkendrick

      Very similar. 9/10. Poulet de Bresse is Heston Blumenthal’s and Simon Hopkinson’s favourite chicken for a reason.

  8. B.beere

    My father in law just gave me his bresse hens and rooster I will keep you posted on our raising bresse in wisconsin

  9. Steve Penfold

    Hi everyone.
    Bresse chicken is my favourite food. The best I have ever eaten is at the 1 star Restaurant Lea in Montrevele en Bresse. They serve it either a la creme with morilles or roasted.
    The following is their tip and I would pass it on and urge you to try : NEVER ADD ANYTHING TO A PDB, in particular no fat whatsoever , such as butter or olive oil. No herbs, no garlic, not even any salt. And please never heat the oven as high as 220 C that is WAY too high. At this level you will get more juice but the flesh will not be unctuous.At this temp the juice is overboiling inside the bird and has to find a quick way out, it really decimates the flavour and texture.What you do is take a bit of fat out of its cavity. Render that in a biggish oval casserole. Staub is the best. Colour the bird in the fat in the casserole then put in an oven at 170 for 40 minutes, say 50 mins if its over 1.7 kg. This stage the lid is off the casserole.Then put the lid on, same temperature, still in oven for 20 mins. Then take it out of the oven, leave the lid on for another 20 mins but 30 wont hurt.Open up the casserole and watch your guests pass out with orgiastic pleasure. Then you will find the juice is absolutely pure, ok you can add salt now if you wish., I just put a few grains of fleur de sel on each slice that I eat. Just eat with a potato dish: either a puree or some boiled rattes, and a lettuce heart salad. Pouilly Fuisse to drink….eat the oysters or Sot Ly Laisse separately….leftovers in a salad next day with home made mayo. Never ever put a cold cooked PDB in the fridge. Just leave it somewhere cool. Chances are you will eat the lot anyway early doors. Never EVER throw the carcass out, it makes the finest stock you can imagine.
    Just my two euros worth…well, 50 E more like it. But its cheaper than a joint of beef and much nicer.I have one a month.

    • keithkendrick

      Hi Steve, this is brilliant. I am going to follow your instructions to the letter. It’s been a while since I had a PDB so I’m overdue a re-visit. Many thanks for taking the time to share your wisdom.

      • Steve Penfold

        Pleasure let me know how it goes !
        Am taking the plunge , next week im hoping to make a PdB with Sauce Albufera….Im hoping its not gilding the lilly. No, its not ! will report my research…

      • keithkendrick

        Cheers Steve. Yes, please keep me posted. I’m going to order a PDB for next week’s Sunday roast.

  10. Diana

    PDB is expensive, until you realise it is not like any chicken you have tasted before. You don’t cook it as if it were a UK supermarket bird. I live near Bresse, so I am more used to the recipe which shares its name with the bird “Poulet de Bresse”. This involves jointing the bird, sautee in oil and butter, coat with flour in another pan while frying shallots, garlic and morels (you can use other mushrooms if you can’t get morels but it won’t be the same) then combine all ingredients with vin jaune (or sherry) and stock. An hour’s simmering later, add cream and leave simmering 20 more minutes. I’m cooking it now and it smells gorgeous! My neighbours use black pepper and ground nutmeg to enhance the flavour – I love it.

    PDB is less like chicken than guinea fowl in texture and flavour, and the latter works well cooked the same way. Here we tend not to roast either, but when I have roasted PDB I have used my oven’s rotisserie and a pan of water underneath the bird which makes gravy as well as stopping the meat drying out. Nothing like normal roast chicken, but then Poulet de Bresse is no ordinary bird.

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